Clarifications on the 2019 Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) report on Romania

Clarifications on the 2019 Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) report on Romania

On 28 October 2020, Romanian Member of the European Parliament (MEP) Cristian Terheş of the European Conservatives and Reformists Group posed a written parliamentary question to the European Commission:

“On 22 October 2019, the Commission published the 2019 Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) report on Romania. The report has two parts: one political and one technical. As proven by journalists and legal practitioners from Romania, both of these documents contain many factual errors, inaccuracies, and ‘recommendations’ that go against the Romanian Constitution. I would therefore like to ask the Commission to provide detailed answers to the following questions:

1. Who wrote the 2019 CVM report on Romania and what is their educational background?

2. Who is taking responsibility for the factual errors, inaccuracies and ‘recommendations’ included in the 2019 CVM report that go against the decisions of the Romanian Constitutional Court?

3. What is the Commission doing to correct the errors in the 2019 report and to prevent any future errors in the upcoming CVM reports on Romania?”

On 22 January 2021, Vice-President Jourová responded on behalf of the European Commission stating: “As for any report adopted by the Commission, reports on the progress of Romania under the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM) and the recommendations made are the collegial decision of the College of Commissioners.

The Commission does not comment on news articles. It should be noted that the Romanian authorities are given an opportunity to identify any factual inaccuracies before the report is finalised.

The CVM report of October 2019 concluded that the developments in Romania confirmed the backtracking of the progress made in previous years. The 2020 Rule of Law Report of 30 September 2020 identified continued challenges in relation to the functioning of the justice system and the fight against corruption.

The Commission is looking forward to continuing to work with Romania to address all pending CVM recommendations and to create the conditions to allow a transition to using the rule of law mechanism as the single framework for rule of law monitoring in Romania, as in any other Member State.”


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