EU-China Investment Agreement

EU-China Investment Agreement

In 2019, the EU and China agreed to conclude their investment agreement in 2020. However, Portuguese Member of the European Parliament (MEP), Francisco Guerreiro, reminds us that we should be prudent “it is deeply worrying that China is suppressing information on COVID-19, nationally and abroad”, adding  “the New York Times has reported that the [European External Action Service] EEAS allegedly rewrote a document about disinformation in ways that diluted the focus on China. Within China, journalists are not allowed to do their work properly, minorities are imprisoned and state propaganda is omnipresent’.

In view of this and the fact that the EU is highly dependent on China for its current supply of medical equipment and medicine, as well as for other goods and services, on 04 May 2020, MEP Guerreiro filed a parliamentary question to the European Commission. He enquired if the Commission is “still expecting to finalise a deal with China in 2020?” and “are transparency and freedom of information considered ‘red lines’ by the EU negotiating team?”

Finally, the Portuguese representative asked “in the negotiations is the Commission considering the pressing need to produce critical goods in Europe, to invest in strategic value chains and to reduce over-dependency on third countries [China] in these areas [medical manufacturing]?”

On 31 July, the Commissioner for Trade, Phil Hogan, responded on behalf of the European Commission where he explained that “the Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI) between the EU and China is an important tool to rebalance market openness and level the playing field for EU companies operating in China”. Mr Hogan reported that “the EU and China agreed in the 22nd EU-China Summit to accelerate negotiations” and that “the EU remains committed to concluding negotiations in 2020 if possible but only if the agreement is worth having”. He also added that ‘China should increase its level of ambition, including on level playing field issues, market access, and sustainable development”.

Commissioner Hogan stated that “the CAI negotiations are focused on investment” and that “political issues should be raised through the appropriate channels of communication”. He emphasized that “the EU’s commitment to respect the freedom of the media, the right to information and the freedom to hold opinions are enshrined in Article 11 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights” and that “the EU is fully committed to freedom of expression, online and offline, around the world, and will continue to discuss human rights as part of its bilateral dialogue with China”.

Mr Hogan further reported and explained that “the CAI will not affect the EU’s openness to foreign investment. This openness is balanced by appropriate control of foreign investment. This is even more important in critical situations such as during the COVID-19 emergency. The Commission provided guidance to the Member States on foreign direct investment (FDI) screening in a public health crisis and economic vulnerability to protect EU companies and critical assets, including medical equipment, essential for our security and public order. Under the InvestEU programme proposed by the Commission, support can be provided to companies to maintain and develop their production within the EU. Overdependence on third-country markets could be addressed by diversifying supply chains”.

China has challenged the European Union’s founding democratic principles and its values over the past years. However, the European Commission cannot continue to undermine Europe’s human rights policy in exchange for bilateral deals with the Chinese, or any other country, continually committing serious human rights abuses.

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