The European Commission has approved under EU State aid rules Poland’s map for granting regional aid from 1 January 2022 to 31 December 2027, within the framework of the revised Regional aid Guidelines (“RAG”).
The revised RAG, adopted by the Commission on 19 April 2021 and entering into force on 1 January 2022, enable Member States to support the least favoured European regions in catching up and to reduce disparities in terms of economic well-being, income and unemployment – cohesion objectives that are at the heart of the Union. They also provide increased possibilities for Member States to support regions facing transition or structural challenges such as depopulation, to contribute fully to the green and digital transitions.
At the same time, the revised RAG maintain strong safeguards to prevent Member States from using public money to trigger the relocation of jobs from one EU Member State to another, which is essential for fair competition in the Single Market.
Poland’s regional aid map defines the Polish regions eligible for regional investment aid. The map also establishes the maximum aid intensities in the eligible regions. The aid intensity is the maximum amount of State aid that can be granted per beneficiary, expressed as a percentage of eligible investment costs.
Under the revised RAG, regions covering 92.9% of the population of Poland will be eligible for regional investment aid.
- Fourteen regions (Lubelski, Podkarpackie, Podlaskie, Świętokrzyskie, Warmińsko-Mazurskie, Małopolskie, Zachodniopomorskie, Lubuskie, Opolskie, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Łódzkie, Mazowiecki, Śląskie, Pomorskie) are among the most disadvantaged regions in the EU, with a GDP per capita below 75% of EU average. They are eligible for aid under Article 107(3)(a) TFEU (so-called ‘a’ areas), with maximum aid intensities for large enterprises between 30% and 50%, depending on the GDP per capita of the respective ‘a’ area. The Commission also approved an increase of the maximum aid intensity to 50% for the area of Siedlecki (part of Mazowiecki region, with a maximum aid intensity of 40%), due to its relatively high population loss over the past decade.
- The regions of Wielkopolskie and Dolnośląskie no longer qualify as ‘a’ areas in view of their positive economic developments, but are now considered as pre-defined regions under Article 107(3)(c) TFEU (so-called ‘c’ areas), as with all regions that qualified as ‘a’ areas in the period until 2021 and no longer qualify as such in the upcoming period. The maximum aid intensities for large enterprises in these areas will vary between 15% and 25%, with higher aid intensities applicable in the first half of the period and for the areas bordering the ‘a’ areas.
- All 26 municipalities part of the Warszawski wschodni and Warszawski zachodni regions, which are adjacent to the ‘a’ area Mazowieckie region, are eligible for aid as non-predefined ‘c’ areas, with maximum aid intensities varying between 25% to 35%.
In all the above areas, the maximum aid intensities can be increased by 10 percentage points for investments made by medium-sized enterprises and by 20 percentage points for investments made by small enterprises, for their initial investments with eligible costs up to €50 million.
Once a future territorial Just Transition plan in the context of the Just Transition Fund Regulation will be in place, Poland has the possibility to notify the Commission an amendment to the regional aid map approved today, in order to apply a potential increase of the maximum aid intensity in the future Just Transition areas, as specified in the revised RAG for ‘a’ areas.
Europe has always been characterised by significant regional disparities in terms of economic well-being, income and unemployment. Regional aid aims to support economic development in disadvantaged areas of Europe, while ensuring a level playing field between Member States.
In the RAG, the Commission sets out the conditions under which regional aid may be considered to be compatible with the internal market and establishes the criteria for identifying the areas that fulfil the conditions of Article 107(3)(a) and (c) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (‘a’ and ‘c’ areas respectively). Annexes to the Guidelines identify the most disadvantaged regions, so-called ‘a’ areas, which include the outermost regions and regions whose GDP per capita is below or equal to 75% of the EU average, and the pre-defined ‘c’ areas, representing former ‘a’ areas and sparsely populated areas.
Member States can designate the so-called non-predefined ‘c’ areas, up to a maximum pre-defined ‘c’ coverage (for which figures are also available in Annexes I and II to the Guidelines) and in line with certain criteria. Member States need to notify their proposal for regional aid maps to the Commission for approval.
The non-confidential version of today’s decision will be made available under the case number SA.64284 (in the State Aid Register) on the DG Competition website. New publications of state aid decisions on the internet and in the Official Journal are listed in the Competition Weekly e-News.
Source: State aid: 2022-2027 regional aid map for Poland (europa.eu)
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