Estonia has been recognised by the World Health Organisation as a state with a high risk of tuberculosis.
In 2019, a total of 151 cases of tuberculosis (TB) were registered in Estonia. The youngest patient, infected by their mother, was one year old; the oldest having been 97. Medical specialists told ERR that Estonia is starting to reach the status of low TB burden country, compared with other European countries, but despite this Estonia has seen significantly more cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB).
Depending on the strain, treatment for TB can last from six months to two years, and is provided by the state for everyone in Estonia. Treatment costs EUR 20,000 to 30,000; however, patients themselves do not have to cover it.
To prevent drug resistance, TB medications have to be taken in the presence of a nurse daily, as per the reports.